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Stomach pain during pregnancy is a common phenomenon in pregnant women due to changes in organs in the body during pregnancy. So why do pregnant women have stomach pain? How to recognize stomach pain symptoms during pregnancy? How does stomach pain during pregnancy affect the health of mother and baby? Let’s find out and answer the above questions with BabeMome in the detailed article below!
Why do pregnant women have stomach pain?
Every organ in a pregnant woman’s body undergoes many changes during pregnancy. Stomach pain during pregnancy is one of those phenomena.
Pregnant women with stomach pain can be confused with pregnancy symptoms because they have similar symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, indigestion and bloating. In addition to that general manifestation, stomach pain during pregnancy will be accompanied by other characteristic signs such as epigastric pain, heartburn, pain in the middle or upper abdomen, weight loss, poor appetite.
Stomach pain during pregnancy can be caused by reasons such as:
- Anxiety, stress during pregnancy, or morning sickness.
- The position of the stomach changes as the fetus grows and the uterus is pushed higher. Food will be stagnant when entering the stomach, leading to indigestion and greatly affecting the stomach lining.
- The favorite foods of pregnant women during pregnancy such as mangoes, apricots, plums, etc. contain a lot of acids, so it is easy to damage the stomach lining.
- Symptoms of stomach pain during pregnancy
- Stomach pain during pregnancy usually has the following symptoms:
- Nausea: Nausea is a characteristic sign of morning sickness. This symptom usually appears during the first 3 months of pregnancy, so many pregnant women think it is normal. However, nausea with heartburn is a characteristic sign of gastroesophageal reflux disease.
- Burning in the epigastrium (the hollow just below the breastbone): a burning sensation from the stomach or lower chest area, spreading up the neck. Caused by occasional or frequent reflux of stomach acid into the esophagus.
- Heartburn occurs most in the morning when brushing teeth. Heartburn, heartburn also often go together. Mother has a feeling of gas, indigestion, belching, accompanied by a sour taste in the mouth. The symptoms of burping mentioned above may increase when eating full, when the stomach is full of indigestion or when the mother bends forward, lying down to sleep at night.
- Stomach pain: Cramping or dull pain, especially when hungry or after eating.
- Feeling of pressure, constriction in the chest, through the back and arms: pain is caused in the part of the esophagus that runs through the chest. The refluxed acid irritates the nerve endings on the surface of the lining of the esophagus, causing a pain-like sensation in the chest.
Is it okay for pregnant women to have stomach pain?
Stomach pain during pregnancy, if severe and prolonged, can affect the mother’s health in the following ways:
- Inflammation and ulceration of the esophagus: Stomach juice overflows into the esophagus, often damaging the lining of the esophagus, causing inflammation. May cause the mother to experience symptoms such as difficulty swallowing, painful swallowing, chest pain. Especially pain behind the sternum when eating, nausea, vomiting, loss of appetite.
- Esophageal fibrosis due to inflammation.
- Stomach cancer.
- Pharyngitis: A small amount of acidic fluid that reaches the upper respiratory tract can also cause pharyngitis, rhinosinusitis, bronchitis or pneumonia, causing coughing, hoarseness, wheezing that persists but does not respond. respond or respond poorly to conventional treatments.
Should stomach pain medicine be used for pregnant women?
Using conventional pain relievers is not an option when treating gastritis. You should consult your doctor before deciding to use any medication for stomach upset during pregnancy. There are 4 main groups of drugs specifically for the treatment of gastritis that are safe for pregnant women:
- Antacids, neutralize acids (Antacids)
- Ingredients: contains aluminum salts, potassium and magnesium hydroxide.
- How to use: drink/chew after eating about 1-3 hours. With chewable tablets: use 1-2 tablets / time. Use up to 4 times a day, 1 hour apart each time.
- Side effects: These drugs work to reduce stomach acid, but then, due to lack of acid, it leads to disturbances in the digestion of food and absorption of nutrients, especially B vitamins and iron. Moreover, the acid in the digestive juices also destroys some bacteria present in the food. If the acid is completely neutralized, the stomach will respond by secreting more. Therefore, if the drug is used arbitrarily, it will lead to the opposite effect.
- Histamine H2 blockers are also known as H2. blockers
- Effects: reduce the acid secretion activity of the stomach and duodenum.
- Common oral forms: Cimetidine 800mg, Ranitidine 300mg, Famotidine 40mg or Nizatidine 300mg.
Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPI)
- This group of drugs has good effectiveness and few side effects.
- Consists of: Omeprazole 20mg tablet or 40mg tube; Omeprazole tablets 30mg; Pantoprazol 20mg and 40mg tablets or 40mg ampoules…
- The drug group is indicated when there is HPV (+).
- Amoxicillin 500mg; Metronidazol/Tinidazol 500mg; Clarithromycin 250mg or 500mg; Levofloxacin 500mg…
How to cure stomach pain for pregnant women
Besides taking medication, pregnant women can improve stomach pain during pregnancy by making lifestyle adjustments as follows:
• Reduce stress, stress lasts many days in life.
• Correcting irregular and unscientific eating habits and activities: skipping meals, eating at the wrong time, eating too full or waiting too hungry to eat, staying up late, eating late at night, being inactive, finishing eating lying down for 2 hours after eating…
• Choose alkaline, acid-neutralizing foods: starchy foods such as bread or oatmeal, or easily digestible proteins, etc., because these foods help avoid the erosion of the mucus layer in the skin. stomach acid, limiting esophageal sphincter rhythms with acid reflux.
• Limit foods that stimulate acid secretion or stimulate the lower esophageal sphincter: high-acid fruits (lemon, orange, pineapple…), carbonated water, spicy, hot foods, chocolate…
• Abstain from stimulants, coffee, tobacco.
• Lose weight if overweight or obese.
Pregnant women can refer to some beneficial foods to help reduce excess acid in the stomach below:
• Peas, green beans, red beans,… contain high levels of fiber and amino acids…
• Easy-to-digest proteins.
• Yogurt: contains probiotics that improve digestion. Use yogurt every day. Do not eat yogurt when hungry.
• Turmeric and honey.
If lifestyle changes do not help improve stomach pain during pregnancy, pregnant women should visit a gastroenterology specialist for more detailed advice from a doctor.
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Meet the Author
Hello My name is Elena Williams, I have 10 years in pregnancy operation. I write this blog with the goal of helping moms design better, easier, and less audible ones. These articles are compiled from personal experiences, filtered information sources and support from members of their team. Hope to always receive care from mothers. Thanks very muchLearn more