Hemorrhoids during pregnancy is a very uncomfortable thing for mothers, so let’s study the problem and how to limit this disease with BabeMome!

Basically, hemorrhoids are rectal varicose veins and are one of the common physiological symptoms of pregnancy. Hemorrhoids usually do not create complications because they are very common: about 20-50% of women will experience hemorrhoids during pregnancy to some degree. What’s special is that most women don’t get hemorrhoids until they’re pregnant.

Why is pregnancy prone to hemorrhoids?

The growing weight of the fetus as it grows in the uterus puts pressure on all the tissues and internal organs of the mother. Space becomes limited, so blood flow in and out of the veins to supply the mother’s pelvis slows and condenses. The veins in the intestinal wall swell and stretch to their fullest extent, causing them to weaken.

Pregnancy hormones also cause general laxity of tissues, including the walls of veins. Meaning they are not as firm as they should be, the walls of the veins tend to swell and widen, which in turn leads to hemorrhoids during pregnancy.

Hemorrhoids during pregnancy

Another factor that causes hemorrhoids during pregnancy is an increase in the total blood flow in the mother’s body. To be able to provide the fetus with abundant oxygen and adequate nutrients, the blood volume in the pregnant woman’s body can increase by more than 40% of normal. All of these fluids are added to the body, while still being transported by the same venous and arterial systems. Normally, the valves and vessel walls work harder to pump blood back to the mother’s heart and lungs to receive more oxygen.

If you have a history of hemorrhoids, they are more likely to develop during pregnancy. Pressure during the  2nd trimester of pregnancy will also lead to the development of hemorrhoids. If this second phase is long and prolonged, it will also be a big threat.

Prevent hemorrhoids

There’s a lot you can do, but there’s usually no guarantee of complete success. You can hope or wish your body is immune to this disease.

But you should also try one or all of the following tips to reduce your chances of developing hemorrhoids during pregnancy:

  • Avoid constipation. A hard and dry colon makes it more difficult to pass stools and this contributes to hemorrhoids.
  • Drink plenty of water – at least 2.5 liters a day. Water helps keep stools soft and easy to pass.
  • Fruit juices, herbal teas, and other liquids…can help you avoid constipation.
  • Avoid squatting to clean for long periods of time. Stay for as long as you feel you need to but avoid putting unnecessary, prolonged pressure on the intestines and rectum.
  • Put your feet on a chair when you go to the bathroom. This helps reduce pressure on the pelvis.
  • Avoid stressing about going to the bathroom. If you don’t feel the need, get up and get out of the bathroom.
  • Don’t ignore feelings of needing to clear and empty your bowels. This signal leads to problems with constipation. Over time, it also affects how rhythms and sensations are reduced because the intestines are not working as efficiently as they should.
  • Make sure your diet is high in fiber and roughage. Fruits, vegetables, bran, oats, whole grains… can help shape the stool and make it easier to pass.
  • Avoid eating a lot of red meat, white bread and highly processed foods. Fiber acts like a broom and helps avoid stagnation in the intestinal wall.

How do you know if you have hemorrhoids?

There are two types of internal hemorrhoids and external hemorrhoids. If it’s internal hemorrhoids, you may not know until you see some blood on the toilet paper. External hemorrhoids feel like something is bulging out of the anus in the shape of a grape. If you are in doubt, get a mirror one by one and check it out. Be prepared for them because they are not pretty things to look at.

The size of hemorrhoids is not necessarily a fixed and obvious indicator. Some women describe the pain of hemorrhoids like a “sitting on a sharp knife” or “slit by a card”. However, if you find yourself with hemorrhoids without feeling any pain, there is no need to worry.

Bleeding can also occur if the hemorrhoid is large and stretched. This symptom is also dangerous because it can be easily confused with other causes of internal bleeding. If you are concerned, please check with a medical facility. This is better for the safety of you and your child.

Women with vulvar varicose veins are more prone to hemorrhoids. Overweight before pregnancy, multiple pregnancy; Excess water or lack of exercise, all contribute to the risk of hemorrhoids during pregnancy.

Hemorrhoids are very uncomfortable due to pain in and around the anus. They may also feel itchy and put pressure on the body. All of these sensations will be very different if you haven’t experienced them before.

Some women report that after sex, the stinging sensation around the hemorrhoids is also increased. This is due to a general increase in blood flow to and pooling in the vaginal/perineal/anal areas during intercourse.

Hemorrhoids during pregnancy

Effective hemorrhoid treatment

It is important for you to recognize early if there are signs of hemorrhoids. Your GP, midwife or obstetrician can help you know for sure. Don’t be shy, you can be sure they’ve seen thousands of other hemorrhoids, too. If they also have a child, they will empathize with you even more.

There are many ways to treat hemorrhoids, each with a very different effect. But in reality, treatment only helps to relieve symptoms, not eliminate them completely. Most women report that they are very uncomfortable with these symptoms and only feel comfortable after having a baby. Some people even take a few weeks for the hemorrhoids to completely go away.

  • Avoid constipation.
  • There is a range of creams that can help reduce blood stasis. But you need to talk to a pharmacist before using any medicine or treatment during pregnancy.
  • In addition, there are creams that help lubricate the anus will make it easier to pass stools.
  • You can take a little laxative. It helps soften stools and helps regulate the frequency of bowel movements.
  • You can also buy medicated pads that are impregnated with creams or lotions.
  • Some creams and ointments contain a local anesthetic or anesthetic, which is very effective for pain relief.
  • Cold compresses/cleansing and cool showers will also work.
  • Ice packs are also helpful, but should not be used for long periods of time. Make sure the ice pack is wrapped with a clean soft cloth.
  • Bi-carbonate in soda dissolved in a warm bath can also help.
  • Avoid lifting heavy objects. This will increase pressure on the abdomen and pelvis.
  • Keeping the anal area very clean is very important. After having a bowel movement make sure you clean yourself thoroughly with soft toilet paper and a washcloth. You can use wet wipes, a shower or a soft cloth to feel more comfortable.
  • Do not eat too much salt or salty foods. Salt/sodium leads to water retention and extra volume of circulating blood.
  • Avoid eating foods that are too spicy. It can lead to further pain when going to the bathroom.
  • Avoid scratching your skin if you have an itch. This can damage the vein walls and weaken them further.
  • Practice Kegels hard. They help you maintain pelvic floor strength and health, ensuring that everything in your body has its strength.
  • Sleep on your full side rather than on your back or stomach. The left side is the best position to relieve pelvic/anal stasis.
  • Exercise regularly. Simply walk every day to increase blood circulation and improve digestion. It would be useless to have a weak digestive system.
  • Avoid gaining too much weight. The healthiest weight gain during pregnancy is in the 10-12 kg range, more than that increases the risk of a host of other complications.
  • Avoid standing or sitting for too long as it will cause blood to pool in the sacrum area.
  • An O-shaped pillow can be helpful. Although there is some disagreement among health care practitioners that they will limit blood flow in and out of the area.

One last tip

Hemorrhoids can cause more pain and sensation when they protrude. Find a way to gently push hemorrhoid back inside the anus, it will help relieve discomfort and blood stasis. Talk to your doctor about the best way to do that.