Non-hormonal birth control options are what many women today are looking for. Let’s see the advantages and disadvantages of each option!

Birth control pills are the most commonly used method of birth control. However, it is not applicable in all cases. Non-hormonal birth control methods are gaining more attention and preference, because of their safety and effectiveness.

  1. Limitations of Hormonal Contraceptives

Hormonal methods of contraception such as the IUD, the pill, the patch, or the implant offer convenience to users. However, they may not be an ideal choice for you, for the following reasons:

You must remember to take your medicine every day at a certain time.

You need to see your doctor to prescribe medication, get advice on how to use birth control safely.

Non-hormonal birth controlHormonal contraceptives cannot protect you from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).

They can increase the risk of blood clots, breast cancer, or cause other side effects like mood swings or weight gain.

Hormones can be passed on to your baby through breastfeeding.

Hormonal contraception does not prevent sexually transmitted diseases


  1. Non-hormonal birth control options

2.1. Diaphragm

The diaphragm is a small cup, made from silicone or latex. The diaphragm cup has a dome shape and a flexible rim that does not contain any hormones. When inserted safely into the vagina, it becomes a barrier covering the cervix.

Before starting insertion, the diaphragm and its ring must be coated with spermicide. You need to put the cup in the correct position before having sex. Before the next sexual act occurs, you need to add spermicide.

The main job of the diaphragm is to block the entrance to the uterus, while the spermicide will hinder the movement of sperm, helping to prevent pregnancy effectively.

However, a diaphragm cup cannot protect you from sexually transmitted diseases. Plus, it increases the risk of vaginal or urinary tract infections.

2.2 Uterine cap

The uterine cap is a popular female contraceptive, made from soft rubber and shaped like a hat. The uterine cap is placed deep in the vagina, grabs the cervix, helps prevent sperm from entering the uterus, has a very good effect in preventing pregnancy. However, this method will be more effective if used with spermicide.

You can leave the uterine cap on for up to 48 hours after having sex. The downside to this method of birth control is that it doesn’t protect you from STDs, and it can increase the chance of a bladder infection. It’s best not to choose this method if you have sex at least three times a week or have a history of pelvic problems.

2.3. Contraceptive sponge

The contraceptive sponge is used to prevent sperm from entering the uterus. It is a disc-shaped device, made of polyurethane foam and contains spermicide. Before having sex, you can insert the contraceptive sponge deep inside the vagina, through the nylon loop, it will help you easily remove the sperm soon after.

You can find birth control sponges at drugstores and don’t need a prescription. However, the drawback of this method of contraception is that it increases the risk of yeast infections and toxic shock syndrome. There are also some other common side effects and allergic reactions such as vaginal dryness. You should not leave the sponge in the vagina for more than 30 hours to avoid unwanted side effects.

2.4. Copper IUD

The IUD is a temporary method of contraception, widely used in developing countries because of its effectiveness and low cost. The IUD is usually T-shaped, placed deep into the uterus, and can be used for many years.

The IUD is one of the most effective forms of birth control. This IUD has copper- which acts as a spermicide, coiled around it. The main mechanism of action of the IUD is to stimulate the lining of the uterus, making implantation more difficult. In addition, it acts as an irritant, causing white blood cells to migrate to the inflamed uterus and can help destroy sperm.

In addition to its ability to effectively prevent pregnancy, this method also causes some serious side effects such as copper allergy, uterine perforation, IUD expulsion (intrauterine device), pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), and pregnancy ectopic. In particular, the IUD is not able to protect you from sexually transmitted diseases.

2.5. Spermicide

Spermicide is a chemical that inactivates sperm, most of which contain a chemical called nonoxynol-9. Spermicide is used alone or in conjunction with any other barrier method of contraception except the contraceptive sponge, because it already contains spermicide. Spermicides come in different varieties, including creams, soaps, creams, suppositories, and films.

Spermicide contraceptives do not prevent STIs
Spermicide contraceptives do not prevent STIs

When used alone, the spermicide should be placed in the vagina near the cervix. The medicine will start working 10-15 minutes after you put it in your vagina.

Note that spermicides do not prevent STDs. You should only use this method if you are having healthy sex with 1 person and both are at low risk of contracting HIV. In addition, the use of spermicide can cause some irritation or burning of the vagina.

2.6. Condom

It can be seen that condoms are a simple, convenient, highly effective and widely used method of contraception today. It is a physical barrier method of contraception that prevents sperm from entering the uterus to meet an egg.

  1. Pros/cons of non-hormonal methods of birth control

3.1. Advantages of non-hormonal methods of birth control

If your birth control needs are not frequent, you can use non-hormonal methods of birth control.

These methods of birth control are for women who cannot use hormones for medical reasons, are breastfeeding, or for some other reason.

Inexpensive, over-the-counter (OTC).

3.2 Disadvantages of non-hormonal contraceptives

With the exception of the copper IUD, these methods need to be used with great care and consistency to prevent pregnancy. Plus, it has a higher failure rate than using oral contraceptives or other birth control options.

Some methods cannot be used during menstruation

It causes discomfort because some people don’t like to put or keep devices in their vaginal canal.

Measures such as diaphragms or condoms can interfere with sexual spontaneity.

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