Insomnia during pregnancy is not a rare condition in pregnant women, but not everyone understands the cause and how to handle it properly. So, what causes insomnia in pregnant women? What complications can occur when pregnant women have prolonged insomnia? What is an effective way to treat insomnia for pregnant women?

Reference: How does a 10-week-old fetus develop

Insomnia during pregnancy

  • On average, a normal person sleeps from 7 to 8 hours/day in which sleep must be sufficient in time, deep enough, and feel comfortable and healthy after waking up.
  • Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that can include:
  • Sleep is not deep
  • Difficulty falling asleep and still feeling tired when you wake up.
  • Startled waking up too early and not being able to go back to sleep

Why do pregnant women lose sleep during pregnancy?

  • Mothers have insomnia due to hormonal changes during pregnancy such as estrogen, progesterone. During the first 3 months of pregnancy, the amount of progesterone increases, making pregnant women often feel sleepy. Insomnia in the second trimester of pregnancy is caused by a decrease in progesterone, although fatigue has improved, but many mothers fall into insomnia because the body is always heavy and tired.
  • Mental health disorder: anxiety disorder, stress, depression
  • Background medical conditions and current medications: asthma, cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, osteoarthritis, joint pain, chronic back pain, gastroesophageal reflux disease, hyperthyroidism, diabetes, overactive bladder disease urinating at night…

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Complications caused by insomnia during pregnancy

  • Insomnia during pregnancy causes a series of physiological changes such as fatigue, anxiety, insecurity, irritability, difficulty in controlling emotions.
  • Difficulty concentrating, memory loss, headaches, low work performance
  • Not clear-headed, slow to react, dangerous for jobs that require high concentration such as driving, …  increase risk cause an accident.
  • Mental health disorders, such as depression, anxiety disorders, or irritability, easily reacting negatively, even abusing sleeping drugs.
  • Increased risk and severity of chronic diseases such as high blood pressure, cardiovascular disease, vestibular disorders, etc.
Insomnia during pregnancy
Insomnia during pregnancy

How to cure insomnia during pregnancy

  • Mom, stay calm, don’t worry too much because it will make the situation worse. You should relax, avoid focusing too much on unpleasant feelings, as well as limit your emotions to affect your loved ones.
  • Find the cause: the troubles, insecurity in life. Often pregnant women’s psychology changes, sensitive, easy to think bad things. Therefore, the sharing of relatives (husband, friends, close relationships) can solve problems in the heart of pregnant women. Families should not talk about bad things in front of pregnant women, avoid conflicts and disagreements that cause psychological inhibition. Pregnant women should also go out to meet people, confide in peace of mind, should not stay home alone with boring things that will make insomnia worse.
  • Keep the bedroom clean, ventilated, and free of strange odors. Clothing should be loose, absorbent but not too revealing. Should prepare a thin blanket to keep the body warm.
  • Focus on healthy activities that improve mental health from the outside in, such as:
  • Read books, listen to music, meditate, relax before going to bed… to relax your mind
  • Take a warm bath in the evening, soak your feet in warm water, massage your feet and back… to help relieve fatigue
  • Practice deep breathing, walking, gentle exercise
  • Do not eat dinner at least 2 hours before bed. Should drink a glass of warm milk, help the stomach not empty, at the same time milk has amino acids have a sedative effect, helping the brain produce serotonin, causing drowsiness.
  • Avoid staying up late, drinking coffee, tea, and other stimulants, watching horror movies…in the evening
Insomnia during pregnancy
Insomnia during pregnancy

When do you need to see a doctor?

If insomnia during pregnancy  is more severe, you should:

  • Get a physical exam to look for signs of medical problems that may be related to insomnia. Blood tests may be done to check for thyroid problems or other conditions that may be related to poor sleep.
  • Neurological examination to see if pregnant women have anxiety, depression, sleep disorders or not. If so, early treatment is recommended to reduce the risk of depression and other life-threatening adverse reactions.