Nutrition is always a matter of primary concern for each mother, especially in the early stages of pregnancy.
In the early stages of pregnancy, the mother often feels tired, uncomfortable and bored of eating due to morning sickness. However, this is the premise of nutrition for baby to develop. If you are new to what you should eat, follow the advice of folk for natural consent or need more scientific information depending on what your mother eats.
Nutrition is needed in the first 3 months
In the first 3 months of pregnancy, pregnant women do not need to eat too much but must ensure enough nutrients for the developing fetus. If morning sickness is a companion from the first days, the mother should break down the diet: 3 main meals + 3 extra meals to induce vomiting but still absorb the necessary amount of food.
If fast food cravings in the first trimester she can eat, just not too much
Below is a daily nutritional table for pregnant women for the first trimester recommended by the National Institute of Nutrition:
Total kcal / day 2550
Protein 87- 92g
Folic acid 600mcg
Vitamin A 800mcg
Vitamin D 5mcg (200IU)
Vitamin E 12mg
Vitamin K 51mcg
Vitamin C 80mg
1.4mg vitamin B1
1.4mg vitamin B2
Vitamin B3 18mg
Vitamin B6 1.9mg
Vitamin B9 600mcg
Vitamin B12 2.6mcg
Eat according to the folk regime so or not?
According to folk experience, many pregnant women have the idea that eating some beneficial and harmful foods to look for a beautiful, beautiful baby:
Folk experience suggests that eating a pregnant mother to eat goose eggs to give birth will be smart so even though the eggs are not easy to swallow, because every mother tries to eat a lot.
However, research shows that the nutritional value in goose eggs is less than that of chicken eggs. Considering the amount of vitamin A in goose eggs is 0.33 mg% compared to chicken eggs is 0.7mg%. Therefore, nutritionists recommend pregnant women should be soaked with chicken eggs much better than goose eggs.
Surely, when I learned that I was pregnant, the adults in the house told me to have regular carp to make the baby smart, white skin.
The carp itself is meaty and low in bone and contains many nutrients, rich in protein and important acids for fetal development. To increase the appetite, the mother flexibly changed the menu by having steamed fish, fish porridge or soup ... all very delicious and nutritious for both mother and baby.
Drink coconut water
The mother-in-law told each other that drinking coconut water left the baby with pinkish white skin right from the inside. In addition, mothers are known to drink coconut water so that babies are born clean without mucus.
Research shows that coconut water contains many beneficial minerals such as magnesium, sodium, chloride, potassium and sugar with moderate protein, so it is easy to drink and nutritious, but should only be taken in the 4th month of pregnancy.
Coconut water is also a good source of fiber, vitamin C and Calcium to help the body calm down, strengthen the immune system and nourish the skin of mother and baby more beautiful. The problem of the baby's skin color is decided largely by hereditary inheritance from parents, the nutrients only work to care and improve the skin better, so the mothers are too expectant.
Types of snail
Many people believe that women should not eat many snails when pregnant, because later in life the baby will have more viscous. But this is essentially an incorrect concept.
But the truth is that the snail's meat is sweet, welding has the effect of curing some diseases such as oedema, liver, jaundice, chickenpox, infections, haemorrhoids... However, the mother or gastrointestinal disorder lasts, yes long sores are not good ... should abstain from or limit eating snails.
What should mom not eat in the first 3 months of pregnancy?
Before and during pregnancy, pregnant mothers need to change some habits and hobbies of eating and drinking so as not to affect the health of their mothers and babies. To mention right away is the habit of eating salty, mother eating a lot of salt will lead to high blood pressure and edema.
Pregnant women should not or limit the use of fish at high risk of mercury (mackerel, shark, swordfish ...), mercury contamination in fish if accumulated too much can damage the fetal brain. pediatric
When pregnant, especially in the first 3 months, pregnant mothers should not use re-live foods because it may contain bacteria that are harmful to the intestinal system, directly affecting the fetus.
Fresh seasonal fruits should be requisitioned instead of unseasoned seasons
In the first 3 months, to ensure that the fetus is healthy and the mother elects to gain weight regularly, she should abstain from the following foods:
Potato sprouts: Solanin in sprouts potatoes affect the development of the fetus, causing the pregnant woman to miscarry.
Peach fruit: This is a sweet fruit but it is hot so the pregnant mother can eat a lot, which can lead to miscarriage. The peach skin has fur, which causes the mother to itch and irritate her throat.
Vegetable cheeks: Pregnant women who eat cheeks or drink water from cheeks can miscarry due to abdominal distention and chill the abdomen.
Aloe: Pregnant women should not eat or drink aloe vera because they can cause pelvic haemorrhage, even causing miscarriage.
Pineapple: In pineapples containing bromelain can soften the uterus, causing spasms and lead to miscarriage.
Green Papaya: The reason is that green papaya contains enzymes that can cause contractions and lead to unwanted pregnancy.
Unpasteurized milk: When unpasteurized milk contains a type of bacteria called Listeria that is able to cross the placenta and cause the baby to become infected, resulting in a blood infection that causes pregnancy loss.
Eating principles for pregnant mothers
Phase 1 (first 3 months)
In the early months of pregnancy, mothers do not need much energy. However, mothers still have to ensure enough protein and essential micronutrients, especially folic acid, iron and zinc ... In which, folic acid should ensure sufficient prevention of neural tube defects and division of nest formation. fetal cell function. You should add eggs, milk, whole grains and dark green vegetables like spinach, spinach, broccoli ...
Phase 2 (middle 3 months)
From 3-6 months, the baby formed enough parts in the body. This is the time to develop the nervous system and the sensory, visual, and hearing organs.
In order to be good for the baby, she should eat a lot of foods with calcium and iron. She still takes tonic or multivitamins to develop the fetus, eat a variety of foods but limit starch and sweets. The mothers who drink the milk should limit the type too sweet to gain weight quickly. Ms. Van Anh only drinks fresh milk without sugar during her pregnancy. In addition, she added bird's nest from the 5th month of pregnancy.
Phase 3 (last 3 months)
From 6-9 months, the fetus developed about skin. At this stage, the baby will gain the most weight, the mother should start eating more starch and drinking milk. Mom can eat 2 bowls of rice / day and drink 2-3 glasses of milk. In addition, mothers should drink plenty of water, eating fruits will limit the risk of limb edema and facial deformity. According to folk experience, eating a lot of eels has many substances to help your baby develop their weight index.
Can you make a plan when you are pregnant so what should you eat to be good for your baby? But there is no need to be so strict, but must be flexible, choose the dishes you like, and be full of substances, safe and nutritious. Listening to folk advice is necessary but needs to be selected. Consult your doctor if your mother feels she has not trusted certain information.